Vietnam ranks 8th globally in terms of mobile penetration
According to ITU, Vietnam ranks 8th globally in terms of mobile penetration, following Macau (China), Hong Kong (China), Saudi Arabia, Montenegro, Panama, Bermuda and Ireland. Notably, Vietnam telecoms has developed much faster than others: the average mobile penetration in developing countries is 70% and that in developed countries is 114%. Vietnam launched commercial 3G services in late 2009 only, and after less than 2 years, 3G subscribers have doubled, leveraging the national mobile penetration from 87% to 175% in 2010. Vietnam has reached high levels of telecoms development, effectively using modern technologies to improve ICT accessibility for citizens.
In addition, ITU noted that Vietnam has managed to record other impressive achievements, such as broadband penetration up from 0% in 2008 to 13% in 2010; all schools in Vietnam given internet access; 3 submarine fiber cable systems built to connect Vietnam to the world in the last 3 years, with the latest connecting Asia and American and providing the country with an extra 500Gbps bandwidth for international internet connection.
During his trip in Hanoi, Mr. Hamadoun Touré visited VINASAT-1 satellite controlling center (VNPT) and assumed that Vietnam is entering the satellite era, confirming itself a strong country capable to launch and operate a satellite on its own. Especially, Vietnam has a team of skilled technical engineers to run the satellite and make remote measurements. The second satellite is now under production and will be launched into the orbit next year.
Despite its impressive growths, Vietnam however is also facing similar challenges that others are dealing with, such as shrinking ARPU, inter-connection and infrastructure sharing among operators, wireless frequency allocation, constraints in refreshing its workforce and capacity building… To solve these problems, the Government must have a clear vision and create a more favorable legal environment for all players to join in telecoms market development./.